KEY WORD TRANSFORMATIONS
Remember to use between two and five words, including the word given. Do not change the word given.
1 You don't speak German very well, because you don't even try to learn anything. TO
2 It was so cold that we turned the central heating on. HAVE
3 The teacher didn't catch him cheating, so he passed the exam. HAD
If ________________________ him cheating, he’d have passed the exam.
4 If it rains we won't go out. UNLESS
We'll go out ________________________.
5 He should eat healthier food or else he'll get sick. IF
________________________ healthier food, he'll get sick.
1 We went to the beach even though it was raining. SPITE
In ______________________________ we went to the beach.
2 Although the hotel was noisy, we enjoyed our stay there. DESPITE
_______________________ the hotel was noisy, we enjoyed our stay there.
3 They played really well, but lost the match. OF
In _______________________, they lost the match.
4 Even though they had booked tickets, they didn’t go to the theatre. FACT
Despite ____________________ had booked tickets, they didn’t go to the theatre.
5 Despite having enough money, he decided not to buy it. ALTHOUGH
_____________________, he decided not to buy it.
1 Weighing your suitcase before travelling by plane is a good idea. OUGHT
You _____________________ before travelling by plane.
2 It’s advisable not to take any liquids on board. HAD
You _____________________ take any liquids on board.
3 It wasn’t necessary for Jenny to take her passport because it was a domestic flight. NOT
Jenny _____________________ take her passport because it was a domestic flight.
4 When I phoned John, he was probably in the shower, so he didn’t answer. HAVE
John didn’t answer when I called him because he _____________________ in the shower.
5 It was wrong of you to shout at your mother. SHOULD
You _____________________ at your mother.
1 Dan and Lily are friendly with and like each other. ON
2 Linda was sad after their separation, but she recovered soon. GOT
3 I decided to accept the challenge of climbing the world's highest mountains. UP
I decided ________________________ the challenge of climbing the world's highest mountains.
4 When you open an online account, use a password that other people can't guess. SET
When you ________________________ an online account, use a password that other people can't guess.
I ________________________ when I was at school.
6 Bob wanted to end his relationship with Sue. UP
Bob wanted to ________________________ Sue.
7 Dan and Lily had a huge argument. OUT
Dan ________________________ Lily.
8 You promised to be there with me but you didn’t come! DOWN
You promised to be there with me but you ________________________!
9 Dan found it hard to put up with the sudden changes in Lily’s moods. PUT
Dan found it hard to ________________________ the sudden changes in Lily’s moods.
1 'What do you think of the college?' she asked me. ASKED
She _______________________ of the college.
2 'I'll call you later tonight,' Keith promised. WOULD
Keith promised that _______________________ night.
3 'I didn't break the window,' said the boy. THAT
The boy _______________________ the window
4 'Do your homework tonight.' the teacher said. TOLD
The teacher _______________________ my homework that night.
5 'What's your name?' he asked. WAS
He asked me what _______________________.
1 I’m sure he’s not Michael Jackson. He died a few years ago! BE
He _______________________ because he died a few years ago.
2 He looks so pale that I’m sure he has seen a ghost. MUST
He _________________ ghost because now he looks very pale.
3 Adam is so loud now that I’m sure he wasn’t a quiet child! BEEN
Adam ____________________ a quiet child because he’s so loud now.
4 I think Will’s tired because he didn’t sleep much yesterday. COULD
Will ______________________ because he didn’t sleep much yesterday.
1 She doesn't let him smoke in the house. ALLOWED
He _______________________ in the house.
2 The teacher saw two students outside the school. WERE
Two students _______________________the school.
3 The coach tells the players to train every day. TOLD
The players _______________________ day by their coach.
4 Did they give you many presents on your birthday? GIVEN
_______________________ many presents on your birthday?
5 Burglars went into my house and stole many valuable things. WERE
When my house was broken into many __________________.
1 Julie’s parents said Julie had lied to them. ACCUSED
Julie’s parents _______________________ to them.
2 Julie's parents said that Julie had posted the photo. FOR
Julie's parents _______________________ posted the photo.
3 Al said: “Jack, you’d better not go to Julie's house.” WARNED
Al _______________________ to Julie's house.
4 'I will never study on Sunday!' said my sister. TO
My sister _______________________ on Sunday.
5 Linda said: “Jack, you should tell the truth.” ADVISED
Linda _______________________ the truth.
1 I would like to have more money. WISH
_______________________ more money.
2 Our car broke down. What a pity! NOT
I wish the car _________________ down.
3 I’m too tired. SO
If only ____________________ tired!.
4 It’s a pity that you lost my camera. HAD
I wish ______________________ my camera.
1 I moved into this flat two months ago. LIVING
I ______________________ in this flat for two months.
2 Nick has had a car for two years. BOUGHT
Nick ______________________ 2015.
3 Neil became a member of this club in 2016. HAS
Nick ______________________ of this club since 2016.