Theory

THEORY

Wishes about the present and future

  1. wish + past simple is used to express that we want a situation in the present (or future) to be different.
    • I wish I spoke Italian. (I don’t speak Italian)
    • I wish I had a big car. (I don’t have a big car)
    • I wish I was on a beach. (I’m in the office)
    • I wish it was the weekend. (It’s only Wednesday)
  2. wish + past continuous is used to express that we want to be doing a different action in the present (or future).
    • I wish I was lying on a beach now. (I’m sitting in the office)
    • I wish it wasn’t raining(It is raining)
    • I wish you weren’t leaving tomorrow. (You are leaving tomorrow)

Wishes about the past

wish + past perfect is used to express a regret, or that we want a situation in the past to be different.

  • I wish I hadn’t eaten so much. (I ate a lot)
  • I wish they’d come on holiday with us. (They didn’t come on holiday)
  • I wish I had studied harder at school. (I was lazy at school)

Wish + would

wish + would + bare infinitive is used to express impatience, annoyance or dissatisfaction with a present action.

You are smoking at the moment and it is annoying me.

I’m impatient because it is raining and I want to go outside.

I am annoyed because she is speaking.

  • wish you would stop smoking.
  • wish it would stop raining.
  • wish she’d be quiet.

Wish and hope

To express that you want something to happen in the future (not wanting a situation to be different, and not implying impatience or annoyance) hopeis used instead of wish.

“I wish it was sunny tomorrow” is not correct.

“I wish she were passing her exam next week” is not correct.

“I wish the plane wouldn’t crash tomorrow” is not correct.

  • hope it’s sunny tomorrow.
  • hope she passes her exam next week.
  • hope the plane doesn’t crash tomorrow.

Wish and want

wish + infinitive or wish + object + infinitive is used to mean want in a formal situation.

  • wish to leave now. (+ infinitive)
  • wish to speak to your supervisor please. (+ infinitive)
  • do not wish my name to appear on the list. (+ object + infinitive)

Wish in fixed expressions

I/we wish you… is used in fixed expressions.

  • I wish you a happy birthday.
  • We wish you good luck in your new job.
Fuente: http://www.eslbase.com/grammar/wish
Fecha: 11/8/2017 | Creado por: Nora
Categoria: UNIT 13